Stance & Snap

We will use a stance that will be effective for both run and pass.  The stance must be one that is comfortable and relaxed.  The main objective of the proper stance is to allow the Quarterback to develop a rhythm between the center and himself which will allow for a quick and smooth exchange without any false steps or wasted motion.

Down and Dirty 

The feet are arm pit width or closer with the toes pointed straight ahead.  The knees are bent in slightly.  Your weight should be evenly distrubuted on the balls of your feet.  Very little weight if any is placed on your heels.  The knees flexed until you achieve a comfortable stance. 
It is critical for the quarterback to have a full field of vision.  The shoulders must be square with the head erect.  A slight bend in the waist is permissable to gain a comfortable stance.  We expect to put our hands in only wrist deep to aid in the quarterback getting out of his stance and into the footwork with speed.

Now with Detail

1.  Two point stance.  Feet should be about 12 inches apart and square to the LOS.  There should be no stagger in the stance so that the toes of both feet lie on the same line.  Weight should be slightly  off your heels and on the balls of your feet.  However, the heels should not be off of the ground.  The weight distribution should be concentrated  on the foot that will remain planted when you pivot away from the center.  The weight concentration or "mental weight" will keep you from false stepping.  We will also pigeon toe our Quarterback's slightly to help prevent false stepping.
2.  Lower the hips so that the knees, ankles and hips are bent.  The hips should also be lowered to make sure that the hands ride under the center's crotch with the arms slightly bent at the elbow.  The height of your stance should be erect as possible, even though the knees are bent so that you can read the defense and step away from the center quickly.
3.  Stand tall with back straight and head up.  Eyes should always be looking over the defense to evaluate it.
4.  The bend in the knees, ankles  and hips will allow faster movement away from the center.  You never want to be in a straight legged stance.  The bend in your joints should happen naturally when you adjust to the center's stance.
5.  Arms should be slightly bent at the elbow, relaxed and close to the body.  This will allow you to ride the center with your hands on the snap by straightening your arms out as you begin to pivot away.
Shot Gun Stance
If you spend any time in the Shot Gun as well - it is important to be in a comfortable stance as well.  This stance has some differences to the undercenter stance and will be as important to practice and coach this up as well.

Quarterback - Center Exchange

he single most important fundamental in the football game is the "hand up."  This is where every play starts.  With out excellent execution here, we can have no offense at all.  We can not have any mistakes here.

The responsibility of the "hand up" is both that of the center and the quarterback.  They must work together to execute it perfectly.

When you place your hands under the center, your arms are extended, enabling you to operate as far from the center as possible.  Spread you fingers and point  to the sky, turn your hand 1 quarter to your right then bring your hand down flat and place it firmly against the center's tail with the palm down and parallel to the ground.  Put left hand along right hand with thumbs together.  Although the back of the hand is applying pressure, the fingers should be relaxed so that you will be able to take the ball in your right hand alone.  The left hand is an insurance factor and will grasp the ball only after the right hand has is it under control.  The left hand will push upward to initiate the snap.  This ensures that the hands stay together.

Put your hands in wrist deep.  Arm as straight as possible with slight bend in the elbow.  You will be in a two point stance with flat back looking straight ahead.  Ball will be put down with laces to the right.

Teaching the QB Center exchange

3 step progression

1.  The fit 

Quarterback places the ball underneath the center wrist deep.  Center reaches back with right hand and brings back to snap position then hands the ball around your body back to the Quarterback.  Then QB will repeat the process.  Do this 5 times.

2. Six inch snap

Center puts ball in snap position then lifts the ball 6 inches off the ground. Snap the ball on the centers count to the QB who only has his right hand underneath the center.  Center must not let go of the football.  The QB will communicate to the center, the corrections.  For example - too far back, not far back enough, too much to the right, etc...

3. Full Snap

Quarterback will call a cadence and center will snap and take a step to simulate the snap and block the center.  QB will bring the football to his belt buckle moving the the ball one quarter turn to the right. The QB should apply pressure with his bottom hand.  As the ball is being snapped the elbows are extended so that the QB can "ride"  with the center on the center's first step.  After receiving the ball we will bring the ball in the "third hand", that is, bring the ball directly into the belt buckle under control with both hands.  It is on the second step that the ball handling techniques may differ. On running plays the ball remains at belt level with the elbows close to the body for faking and hand-offs.  Both hands remain on the ball.  On pass plays we will bring the ball to back shoulder to assist in our dropping with speed.

Score Big!
Coach Hrovat